The principles of citizenship are governed by the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and the Citizenship Act of February 15, 1962.
A child acquires citizenship regardless of the country of birth, if both parents are citizens of Poland or at least one of the parents is a Polish citizen and the other is either unknown or whose citizenship cannot be established, or who is stateless.
A child, one of whose parents is a citizen of a foreign country and the other is a Polish citizen acquires Polish citizenship by birth. However by affidavit executed before proper Polish authorities within three months after the birth of the child the parents can choose for the child to hold only foreign citizenship if the laws of the foreign country grant the child citizenship based on descent from the foreign parent. In such circumstances the child seazes to hold Polish citizenship however Polish citizenship can be granted to that child if he or she executes an affidavit expressing the will of becoming the citizen before proper Polish authorities after turning 16, but before 6 months to the legal age.
A child who was born or found within the territory of the Republic of Poland acquires citizenship if both parents are unknown, whose citizenship cannot be established, or who are stateless.
Citizenship can be granted by the President of the Republic of Poland. An Alien is eligible to apply for the citizenship if he or she has resided in Poland as a lawful permanent resident for at least 5 years. The granting of the citizenship can be subjected to submission of evidence of the loss or renunciation of foreign citizenship.
Marriage to a Polish citizen does not affect citizenship of either party.
LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP:
INVOLUNTARY: The Constitution prohibits an involuntary loss of Polish citizenship.
VOLUNTARY: A Polish citizen may gain foreign citizenship with full effect under Polish law once he/she receives a permission to renounce Polish citizenship granted by the President of the Republic of Poland. The loss of citizenship is effective on a date it is granted therefore Polish citizens with only promissory citizenship of a foreign state in a foreign state would become stateless while abroad until they acquire that citizenship. The process of voluntary renunciation of citizenship may be carried out in Poland or through the nearest Polish consulate.
An alien can acquire Polish citizenship, if she/he is married for at least 3 years to a Polish citizen and obtained a residence permit. Applicant needs to apply to the Voivodeship Office of her/his place of residence in Poland and declare intention of becoming a Polish citizen. Application should be made within 6 months from obtaining the residence permit.
ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship, or requests for renunciation of citizenship, should be directed to the nearest Polish Consulate.See more